Learn about pasture management to transform a farm into a commercial success. Whether you want to gain employment in an agricultural field or the crucial skills required to make farms more productive, this course is ideal for you.
Certificate of Pasture Management is a professional development course that will develop your capacity to manage pasture for commercial success and gain employment in various agricultural jobs.
In this pasture management course, you will learn to select plant varieties, evaluate sites for pasture development programs and manage established pastures. You will also learn about plant species’ commercial and nutritional value, animal feed, grazing behaviour, weed control, stock management and how to develop a work program for a pasture farmer.
On completion of this course, you will have a comprehensive understanding of pasture management to improve pastures for more productive farms.
Unit - Pasture management
Unit 1 – Introduction to pastures
Distribution of pasture species
Choosing a pasture mix
Unit 2 – The Pasture Plant
What is valuable?
The grass plant
Inflorescence (The Flower Head)
Growth and development of the grass family )
Phase 1 – the seedling
Phase 2 – vegetative stage
Phase 3 – decline in growth rate and quality
Annual and perennial grasses
The physiology of grasses
Structure of a typical grass
What is a grass?
Grass plant has several basic characteristics:
Characteristics common to grasses
Tillering, stolons and rhizomes
Ways to identify grasses
Using a botanical key
Identification key to selected common turf grasses
Nitrogen amounts fixed by different types of legumes
The rhizobium bacteria
Lucerne, perennial clovers, vetches, sainfoin
Grasses to grow with clovers
Unit 4 – Site considerations
Farm or site planning
Choosing the correct site for a pasture
Choosing the correct seed mix
Annual or perennial grass
When the grazing is required
Some questions you need to consider
Unit 5 – Establishing a new pasture
Preparation of the land for pasture
Weed reduction – heavy grazing, slashing etc.
Mechanical weed control
Grazing the new pasture
Unit 6 – Managing existing pasture
Indigenous grasses, naturalised grasses or introduced species
Native grasses versus pasture
Carrying capacity of native grasses
Stocking rate of native grass areas
The establishment of the native grasslands
The developing grasslands
Crustose – lichen stage (lichen 1)
Foliose – lichen stage (lichen 2)
Moss stage, grass stage, shrub stage
how the grassland deteriorates
Factors that promote succession or retrogression
Limiting factors and terminal plant communities
Rests to promote rapid growth
Rests to change the composition of the community
Rests designed to eliminate or control bush encroachment
Rests based on the requirements of animals
Rests to accumulate grazing material
Rests to provide out of season fodder
Interception of light energy
Utilisation of light energy
Production of carbohydrates
Unit 7 – Managing stock on pasture
Factors affecting food intake by animals
Animal and feed factors
Sward type and structure
The mechanics of grazing
Grazing time and ruminant time
Herd group behaviour
Non – homogenous groups
Rank order of dominance
Pasture management principles
Stocking and carrying capacity
Equal utilisation or the removal of the top hamper
Number of herds
Herd size, paddock size and number of paddocks
Applying grassland management principles
Continuous light stocking
Split – season systems
One herd, four paddock system
Fire in grassland management
Ways to improve or maintain horse pasture
Pasture for free range poultry
Managing cattle on pasture
Fodder trees & shrubs
Nutritional value of fodder trees and shrubs
Unit 8 – Pasture management work tasks
pest and weed control
Advantages of biological methods
Disadvantages of biological methods
Good pasture practices – some ideas
Pasture renovation: over-seeding
Managing pasture after drought
Guidelines for managing pasture after a drought breaks
Managing pasture after fire
Stock management practices on burnt pasture
Estimated duration 50 hours
Course Delivery and Start
Start anytime, self-paced and 100% online
Assessment will be comprised of written exercises, including short-answer questions, reflective tasks, short reports and/or projects. There are no examinations or due dates for assessment. As a result, you can complete training in your own time and at your own pace with the assistance of unlimited tutor support.
There is a good amount of content in the lessons, and the assignments reflect the lessons plus add a bit more for the think tank and research for added challenge and learning engagement.
R. Jansen, QLD | Certificate of Pasture Management
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