Dairy farming is one of Australia’s most important industries. In fact, it’s the fourth largest rural industry, generating billions of dollars every year. If you want to learn about farming dairy cattle, this professional development course is for you.
Certificate of Dairy Cattle and Farming is an online professional development course that offers practical foundation knowledge about dairy cattle management.
In this online agriculture course, you will learn how to select breeds for specific farming situations, the nature and scope of the dairy industry and products, management of a lactation cycle and general husbandry of dairy farming.
You will also learn to manage animal wellbeing, breeding programs, facilities and machinery maintenance and understand the factors that contribute to the quality and quantity of milk production.
On completion of this course, you will have developed an understanding of how to create a business plan for the successful management of a dairy property.
Unit - Dairy Cattle
Unit 1 – Dairy breeds
Choosing a Dairy Breed
Comparison of dairy breeds
Holstein – Friesian
Milking or Dairy Shorthorn
Unit 2 – Dairy products
The composition of milk
The percentage breakdown of the composition of milk
Protein, lactose, ash
Factors affecting the composition of milk
The lactation cycle
Stages of milking
Frequency of milking
Disturbance and dipping
Individuality of the cow
Course of lactation
Age of the cow
Oestrus and gestation
Milk -what it should contain
Unit 3 – The lactation cycle
Milk producing days of the cow
The influence of the farmer on lactation
Is every cow in my dairy herd producing to its genetic potential?
The milking shed
Planning for feed – flow
Collecting and analysing data
Slope and natural pastures
Manage the feed-flow
Planning the new feed – flow program
Unit 4 – Pests & diseases of dairy cattle
Types of mastitis
Environmental mastitis organisms
Mastitis detection – cell counts
Effective shed or parlour routine
Correct treatment techniques
Dry cow therapy
Difficulties of treating lactating cows
Drying off – the danger period
The five-point control plan against mastitis
Viral & bacterial diseases in cattle
Signs of health in cattle
Other signs which should be noted
Disease types in cattle
Unit 5 – Feeding dairy cattle
Feeding the dairy cow
Working out dairy rations
Maintenance requirements for a dairy cow
Working out the total needs of a dairy cow
Feeding a ration to meet the nutrient needs
The dairy ration
Working out the cost of dairy rations
Unit 6 – Managing dairy cattle
The dairy heifer
Managing the heifer
Feeding the heifer
Factors affecting growth
Age of breeding
The dairy cow
Management of the dairy cow
Factors affecting the general health of a cow
Factors affecting milk yield
Milking frequency (age, milking’s, season)
Unit 7 – Breeding dairy cattle
Animal breeding programs
Clear ultimate aim in any breeding program.
Decide on your priorities
Dual purpose animals
When selecting by phenotype for a breeding program, the breeder must understand the following:
The generation interval
Selection for milk yield
Selection using family groups
Estimating the transmitting value of a bull from a family group
Disadvantages of inbreeding
Contemporary comparisons and relative breeding values (R.B.V.)
Relative breeding value (R.B.V.)
The technique of artificial insemination
Unit 8 – Managing dairy facilities
Basic requirements of all dairies
Siting of dairy premises
The milking shed
The dairy room and wash-up room
Milkers’ wash room and lavatory
Cooling of milk
Planning a milking machine system
Reasons for using milking machines
Constant milking action
Capital recovery for the installation
Components of a milking machine
The vacuum pump
Teat cups and liners (inside the clusters)
Claw-piece or beaker-cup
Choosing a system
Different types of system
Abreast milking shed
Open sided shed
Four essential points when choosing a milking system
Unit 9 – Dairy business planning
Economics of dairying
Business plan example
Variable costs per litre
When fodder is bought in
What is a heifer calf worth at birth?
How long a cow (that is not in calf) should be kept
Potential returns when she calves are:
Months to wait (after insemination)
Estimated duration 50 hours
Course Delivery and Start
Start anytime, self-paced and 100% online
Assessment will be comprised of written exercises, including short-answer questions, reflective tasks, short reports and/or projects. There are no examinations or due dates for assessment. As a result, you can complete training in your own time and at your own pace with the assistance of unlimited tutor support.
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